Studies/Reports

 

Punitive Residency Revocation: The most recent tool of forcible transfer

A new report prepared by fiveLegal Aid and Human Rights organizations in Jerusalem, expressing the risks in pplying the punitive Residency Revocation in Jerusalem. 

East Jerusalem is considered occupied territory under international law following the illegal annexation by the Israeli occupying power in 1967. The Israeli government is implementing policies that ensure Israel’s domination by working to guarantee a Jewish demographic majority through colonization and “silent transfer” of Palestinians. Israel articulated a clear government policy that sought to maintain a demographic balance of 60% Jews to 40% “Arabs” within the Israeli declared boundaries of the Jerusalem municipality - which it unilaterally declared as the unified capital of Israel in 1980. Israel has used a variety of methods to reduce the Palestinian population of the city:

● Revoking residency status of East Jerusalem Palestinians

● Expropriating land and property, denying building permits, and demolishing houses of Palestinian in a systematically discriminatory manner

● Severely restricting family (re)unification and child registration of East Jerusalem Palestinians

● Physically isolating East Jerusalem from the rest of the West Bank, in part by building the Annexation Wall

PDF version for the report

 

Banished Identity:  Israel's Systematic Destruction of Palestinian Bedouins

 

In Deceember 2010, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) declared Bedouins to be an “endangered” ethnic group.  This study examines Israel’s policies in “Area C” of the West Bank that distinctly affect Bedouin communities on a social and economic level, severely thwarting their ability to maintain their livelihood, culture, customs, and traditional way of life. First, we examine how Israeli policies towards the Bedouin communities in “Area C” violate longstanding principles of international humanitarian and human rights law, particularly those provisions asserting the rights of indigenous peoples in maintaining their traditional way of life and the standards other parties must adhere to in respect of indigenous populations.  Next, we offer a case-in-point of the Khan al-Ahmar Bedouin community, which is an area particularly targeted by aggressive Israeli policies due to its location in the coveted Jordan Valley.  Finally, we discuss JLAC’s legal interventions on behalf of Bedouin communities and propose a number of recommendations to address the urgent needs of these communities. 

 

 PDF Version of the Report

 

Palestinian Self-Determination:  The Case of East Jerusalem

 

Over the past 44 years, Israel has utilized several tactics in exercising demographic, territorial, and political control over East Jerusalem. With the interim period of the Oslo Accords long expired since 1999, Israel continues to postpone discussion on Jerusalem in its quest to create “facts on the ground” prior to final status negotiations.  This paper discusses the various legislative and administrative actions taken by Israel in regards to Jerusalem, mostly deemed illegal by international humanitarian law and UN resolutions (i.e. (Hague regulation of 1907, Fourth Geneva Convention, United Nations Charter, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 478, etc.), that have served to dispossess both Jerusalemites and all Palestinians of their right to self-determination (in terms of freely determining their status and choosing their own state and territorial boundaries). 
 

PDF Version of the Paper

 

Concealed Intentions: Israel's Human Rights Violations through the Manipulation of Zoning and Planning Laws in "Area C"

 
This study discusses Israel’s discriminatory zoning and land planning policies in “Area C” of the West Bank, demonstrating how such policies are in direct contravention of international law.  First, we define and examine how Israeli policies aim at restricting Palestinian use and land ownership through practices such as land parceling and annexation, exclusion of Palestinians from the planning process, building restrictions, home demolitions, and forced eviction or displacement.  Then, we identify how such policies are in direct violation of international human rights and humanitarian law.  Finally, we illustrate what JLAC is doing to combat the adverse social, political, and economic effects of such policies.  Our hope is that the information provided will serve as a tool for human rights practitioners, government officials, and international organizations to put pressure on Israel to obey its obligations under the law.  If you would like a copy of the report, please email us at info@mosaada.org. 
 
 
 
Comparative and Legal Water Study

Ramallah, December 2010: Water cuts into all avenues of life from personal hygiene and public health to maintaining sources of livelihood as agriculture, livestock, and industry. Moreover, water is critical in building and securing any nation. With these factors in mind JLAC sought to peruse a public interest effort to study and reform a set water utility practices which serve to (in particular) disenfranchise poor and marginalized communities in the oPt.

 

In conducting the questionnaire, comparative field study, legal study, and sector roundtables, JLAC was able to confirm speculated gaps of water utility pricing and to identify the complex factors contributing to this reality (i.e. variances in types of water sources, governing bodies’ failure to fulfil their role of determining and unifying utility tariffs and the legislative council’s failure to monitor regulatory bodies, absence of a national plan addressing matter, etc.).  Moreover, the Center (through a Tiri funded project entitled: Protecting the Rights of the Poor/ Marginalized in Accessing Basic Services) served to bring sector players together (for the first time in reported programmatic history) to discuss initial study findings and their roles in existing water utility variances.

 

In addition to shortcomings attributed to the Palestinian end, the study also addressed the limitations posed by the Israeli government’s  unilateral control of water resources and the limited and out-dated water shares allotted to Palestinians as per the Oslo Accords (among the study’s recommendations is that Palestinian water shares be reviewed and amended). 

 

Indeed, there is a need to continue the efforts initiated through this project, e.g. more sector dialogues, the development of a collective national plan, efforts towards legal reform (national level), learning from the experiences of other states,  as well as diplomatic interventions as to attain more resources (via Palestinian-Israeli negotiations), etc.

 

A second phase to this project may involve; litigation, lobbying, a national consumer awareness campaign, etc.

 

To read the full study in Arabic, please follow the below link;

JLAC's Comparative Field and Legal Water Study

 

CONTAC JLAC


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